image The Oriental John Belushi


Sammo Hung is an actor, a martial artist, a director and a fight choreographer. The featured image is from Eastern Condors. When Jackie saw it, he was jealous of Sammo and tried to top him with Operation Condor by having an underground military facility at the end of the film. Both end with a mountain caving into the earth. Casanova Wong’s jumping kick over the table in Warriors Two was Hung’s way of topping Bruce Lee’s similar stunt in Fist of Fury. If Bruce had lived, he may have played the villain in Project A. Imagine Jackie, Sammo and Yuen Biao trying to take on him.



Sammo was going to be play Chieh Yuan’s part in Game of Death until Bruce opted to have Sammo play one of the other accomplices after a temporary falling out. Bruce was to have four accomplices altogether. In an interview for the Hong Kong Legends DVD release, Carter Wong erroneously claimed that Lee had wanted him too, but there is no proof of this.



I’ve uploaded the above image because I thought that it was strange for Bruce to be dressed like a burglar until I came across a still of George Lam in The Owl vs Bumbo (which would have been Dumbo if it wasn’t for D&B Films wanting to avoid a lawsuit from Disney). If Bruce had lived, maybe Sammo would’ve remembered or been reminded of the above photo by the time that it came to make this 1984 movie (which is more notable for marking the first time that Michelle Yeoh appeared in a movie so that Yes, Madam! could be marketed more effectively).



On the HKL audio commentary for Bruce Lee’s Game of Death, Bey Logan claimed that Sammo is the true successor to Bruce in terms of fight choreography. That is apt because Bruce proved that he could choreograph a captivating fight between two ordinary people as seen in A Walk in the Spring Rain (1970). Similarly, Sammo supervised a fight between Gwyneth Paltrow and Christina Applegate in View from the Top. Back to Bruce, King Boxer 2 (a.k.a. Bruce and the Shaolin Bronzemen starring a lookalike) inspired Sammo for some of the comedies which he made with Chan and Biao.



If you were to watch this flick followed by Winners and Sinners before Twinkle, Twinkle, Lucky Stars, you’ll keenly see how he incorporated certain gags from this Bruce copycat film (i.e. four blade-wielding women at a resort and a gun-toting dwarf). The transvestite gag of the blade-equipped quartet in the former came from a throwaway scene where Le (whose name would only make sense if he was a French version of Bruce Lee) bumps into a transvestite. As you can see from the below image, Steve Martin wasn’t all that original when he used a tennis racket to fight those bullies in Roxanne (1987):



In issue 82 (September 2005) of DVD ReviewBey had claimed:

No-one ever made traditional Kung Fu look more effective on-screen and no action star, including Chan, ever looks better than they do when directed by Sammo.”


He has the most diverse dexterity among choreographers of any country. If he was requested, he could easily choreograph a fight scene for Arrow, Banshee or even Game of Thrones for that matter. It’s not completely out of the possibility realms, because George Lucas had wanted Sammo to choreograph the lightsaber duels in the Star Wars prequels. Not only is it a downright shame that it didn’t happen, it’s a pity that no-one thought about hiring him for the sequels.



Sammo is as much of an underdog as he is a titan. The original version of Spooky, Spooky was different. Sammo put the film on hold to do Dragons Forever, but other people had viewed the footage and stole the scenes to reshoot for their own movies. Sometimes, he is an uncredited choreographer. With the exception of the bicycle chase, he choreographed and directed all of the fight scenes in Project A. He directed the final fight scene in Righting Wrongs. He had a hand in directing the final fight between Joyce and Agnes in License to Steal. He directed the knife fight between Jackie Chan and Andy Lau in Island of Fire. Jackie choreographed his other fight scenes in that movie.



Sammo wanted Jackie to play his sidekick in Iron-Fisted Monk, but Lo Wei refused to lend Jackie to Golden Harvest because of his grudge. There was concern that the scene where the monk reluctantly enters the brothel to go undercover wouldn’t go down too well with the Buddhist Union of Singapore and Malaysia. They got the joke. The movie played without any objection because nobody thought the script was far-fetched i.e. Manchu warlords did rape and commit necrophilia.



I used to feel sorry for Sammo because of how he didn’t get to enjoy the fame that Jackie does. However, Keith Vitali said something about the making of Wheels on Meals that has made me think twice:


“Sammo and Jackie Chan were good friends, but they had a natural rivalry. There was a scene where I had to kick Jackie in the chest with my side kick. Now, my side kick is my trademark, my most powerful kick, and as we were going through the scene, I was hitting him pretty hard, but Sammo kept asking for more power! So, I hit him harder, and Jackie kept dropping to the ground, cringing and crying, then Sammo would call for us to do it again. I hit Jackie so hard that I thought I was going to kill him! Sammo thought it was great fun!”



In 1993, Chan wanted to make a three brothers film (i.e. alongside Hung and Biao) with Jet Li but ended up in City Hunter as a result of his ardent fan base’s demand and a request on the behalf of loyal Japanese financiers of whom Golden Harvest could not resist. Jackie was losing out in that territory and he still needed to recoup the budget of Operation Condor. One such idea was a three brothers reunion whose premise was to be an ancient Chinese swordplay take of The Three Musketeers. Jet would have played the role of the D’artagnan prototype to Hung’s Porthos. Jackie would be Athos as a reference to Drunken Master, whereas Biao was perfect as Aramis because he played the head-in-the-clouds type as seen in Dragons Forever. Willie Chan (i.e. Jackie’s unrelated manager) said…


The film with Jet Li and Sammo Hung is at best an idea in Jackie’s head. As you probably know, the movie market in Hong Kong and Southeast Asia has been a downward trend – with the exception of Jackie’s films. Jackie feels that if he can work together with other stars like Jet, Stephen Chow or Chow Yun-Fat, it may create new chemistry and thus help boost sales for the entire industry.”



On the U.S. DVD of The Victim, it is stated on the audio commentary (recorded by Bobby Samuels and Ric Meyers) that this was actually Hung’s directorial debut. This has an air of credence to it for a variety of reasons. Bobby has worked with Sammo (as you may have seen in films such as Gambling Ghost and Don’t Give a Damn) and lived with him for several years, so therefore there is a lot of credibility given towards what may seem like a factoid. Of particular note is that in the first act, Sammo looks quite similar to the way that he did in Dirty Tiger, Crazy Frog (in his hair style, hair colour, girth and clothing) hence this film was made in 1977. This also explains why the quality of the fights gets substantially better as the running time goes on. The Iron-Fisted Monk was labeled his initial directorial effort due to it being his first film as director for Golden Harvest as well as his first released (The Victim was released in 1980 where Hung’s popularity had escalated).



Sammo put The Victim on hold in the same way that Bruce put Game on Death on hold for Enter the Dragon. Another thing to be considered is that the production company for The Victim was Graffon. Given the complexity of the project, it was unlikely for The Victim to be made during Hung’s time when he was working on productions made either by G.H. or Gar Bo. The tune which accompanies the scene that is a lead-up to his first fight with Leung Kar-Yan in The Victim, came from a movie titled It’s Alive 2: It’s Live Again. Contrastingly, the latter features a scene in which the female lead is watching Enter the Dragon (which featured Sammo) in a public theater. The Victim is the H.K. equivalent to The Evil Dead. Both are ground-breaking genre efforts which have unexpected endings and were made over a period of three years. More specifically, both movies could be simultaneously categorized as classics of the late seventies and early eighties.



Although Heart of Dragon gets compared to Rain Man (mostly because of Jackie’s autobiography), the former was more of an inspiration for Dominick and Eugene. Minus the action, the latter has more in common with Hung’s non-flop than Barry Levinson’s blockbuster. With that said, the true H.K. equivalent to Rain Man was Wong Jing’s God of Gamblers. On the subject of reinvention, Hung’s lowly reaction to Alan Tam leaving with Joan Chen in Pantyhose Hero, is starkly reminiscent of Biao’s hurt response to his love interest’s mother acceptance of his father’s marriage proposal in Wheels on Meals (a Hung hit). Fruit Chan was sadly an uncredited director for Heart of Dragon. Sammo knew that he had a lot to deal with as a thespian, so he needed back-up. Because his mother was an art director, Sammo had a certain advantage when it came to getting film work in the late ’60s.



His main mentor was a director named Huang Feng (who became the Orson Welles to Hung’s Peter Bogdanovich). During the making of a Feng film, Sammo achieved his personal record for spoiled takes – 125 takes for a shot which involved 14 moves. It was Huang who approached Raymond Chow (the co-owner of Golden Harvest) so that he could convince him to let Sammo direct. When Ray had dinner with Sammo in Australia during the making of The Man from Hong Kong (co-starring George Lazenby), Ray agreed to let him film The Iron-Fisted Monk (written by Feng). Sammo also considers King Hu to be a major influence: “I always called him uncle. He was a very good master too. He could talk about anything that you would want to know about opera and movies. We would go to dinner and he would talk till 5 a.m. He would never say you were wrong. He would just tell you what happens.”



Pantyhose Hero would be the start of the recurring theme in a Jing-produced film where Sammo gets stabbed in the stomach but lives (the subsequent films featuring this motif being Kung Fu Cult Master and The Avenging Fist). This is because Hung’s character gets stabbed in The Victim. This could be Jing’s playful way of saying that Sammo is so big that getting stabbed would be like being pierced by a sowing needle. Sammo had intended his role as Chan Wing in The Victim for Jackie but the studio wanted to go with Sammo. Unfortunately, Jackie’s legal connection to Lo Wei meant that the buy-out clause (or lending price) would be more than paying Sammo to act. The studio felt more comfortable with Hung because he was established as a star before Chan and had no record for starring in movies which tanked at the box office.



In a privately conducted interview with Sammo, it was mentioned that Wong and Sammo debated (if not argued) over the tone of the film. Hung wanted something more serious, whereas Wong wished to undertake a satire of the resurgent wuxia sub-genre as well as a send-up of Zu: Warriors from the Magic Mountain (which Sammo had appeared in). It is worth pinpointing the similarities between The Moon Warriors and King Hu’s The Valiant Ones, in which Sammo played the lead bad guy and also choreographed. Both share a premise that involves escorting government officials and treachery. The fights in the forest are almost identical in both films, with lots of sideways tracking shots. Both endings involve the surviving characters standing over the graves of the fallen while a voiceover wraps up the story.



The frugal fracas between Sammo and Mark Houghton in Skinny Tiger, Fatty Dragon was a lot longer. Sammo hits a few more opponents with his nunchakus and faces off against Mark, swinging his nunchakus at him. Mark shrugs his shoulders, Sammo drops the sticks and the fight begins. Mark gives Sammo a few nice kicks and punches before knocking him down to the floor a few times (you can see the bruises on his face later). Sammo gets up and changes his style, kicks Mark and comes in with a flurry of punches, which is where the fight starts on the regular version. Sammo thinks that his best work as choreographer is the fight between Jackie and Benny Urquidez in Wheels on Meals. The three men seen below (Ridley Tsui, Lau Kar-Wing and Hung Yan-Yan) would probably agree that it’s better than any of the fights in the previously mentioned movie that they worked on.



Bobby Samuels was persistent in his refusal for Sammo to go ahead with the minstrel gags in Don’t Give a Damn, but Sammo claimed he was forced to do these scenes due to Taiwanese investors. Although, you have to wonder how far they would have gone with the literally black humour if Jackie was in the film (since having a very big star like him would ensure that they wouldn’t need to resort to cheap commercialism). The American black demographic facilitated the popularity of Kung Fu movies during the years when it wasn’t a trend. Given the commercial intentions, having Jackie in the film would have meant it would be a case of less pander (no racist jokes to cater to Taiwan) and less slander (no criticism from the politically correct).



Don’t Give a Damn was meant to have Chan playing the role that Biao ended up playing, whereas Biao would’ve played the role that went to Takeshi Kaneshiro. Unfortunately, Chan was too busy working on Rumble in the Bronx. With Kenny Bee playing the role that Chan was meant to play in The Millionaire’s Express, the consensus of the loyal industry insiders was that Chan was missing out on being in Hung’s movie – which was predicted as being a bigger hit than Police Story. It was. Much to the surprise of critics who rightly criticized the opening reel’s continuity error and the lack of entertainment for a massive section of the film, Armour of God made more money in ’87 than Hung’s film did in ’86.



Hung and Biao would return the favour by rejecting the opportunity to co-star in Project A 2 so that they could work on Eastern Condors (a movie that I can no longer watch due to the editing compromising the characterization). During the pre-production phase of The Millionaire’s Express, Sammo wanted himself, Biao and Jackie to have one-on-one fights with Yasuaki Kurata, Yukari Oshima and Hwang Jang-Lee. Had Bruce lived, he may have convinced Sammo to mockingly cast Ji Han-Jae (a.k.a. Chi Hon-Joi) as a John Wayne caricature. This is plausible given how The Millionaire’s Express is the Eastern equivalent to a Western.



Righting Wrongs was envisioned by Sammo as his answer to Police Story. The motivation being that Sammo was offended that Jackie would pass up the chance to appear in an epic film just to do a cop movie. The car park fight in Righting Wrongs was conceived by Sammo as a way to one-up Jackie’s similar sequence in his film (even though Sammo didn’t direct Biao’s scene). The stunt where Biao hangs onto the plane via rope was Hung’s way of making a swipe at the bus stunt. Intriguingly, both Chan and Hung were making a slam towards Hollywood with these scenes because A View to a Kill had a finale involving someone hanging from a vehicle but that movie was restricted in realism due to safety regulations. Righting Wrongs is almost the better movie if it wasn’t for some unforgivable stunt doubling.



Jackie was meant to play Wei Pei’s role in The Magnificent Butcher (a 1979 Sammo vehicle) but was busy working on The Young Master (which Wei was in). Jackie and Sammo would both regret casting Wei because he has Tourette syndrome. An alternate version of Wheels on Meals has an Anthrax song, Horror of it All, play in the background of the disco scene. Wesley Snipes has referred to Wheels on Meals as being his favourite Hong Kong movie. He is a big fan of Sammo and wanted to make movies in Hong Kong because he felt that Hollywood doesn’t display enough of his talent (a black belt in Tae Kwon Do). He envied Robert Samuels. Knockabout was meant to be the first “three brothers” movie with Jackie playing Leung’s role but Jackie was contractually obliged to Lo Wei and was tied to the production of his directorial debut (Fearless Hyena). 



Carry on Pickpocket (1982) is the film that marks Anita Mui’s first appearance on screen though it’s more of a cameo/walk-on role than anything her talent/later roles would suggest. It’s in the scene where Deannie Yip tells off Hung in his nightgown in front of a group of people coming out of a restaurant. Anita Mui is the one in the white T-shirt. The scene in Carry on Pickpocket where Sammo uses the two fork-stabbed buns to move like a dancer is a reference to an old Charlie Chaplin film called The Gold Rush (1925). As it was his second contemporary movie (the first being Enter the Fat Dragon), the action lacks the modern feel of Winners and Sinners (1983). Still, he won the best actor award at the second H.K. film awards ceremony. He tied with Karl Maka (who won for Aces Go Places).



The fight between Sammo and Liu Chia-Liang in Pedicab Driver only took 6 days to shoot. Allegedly, there was an alternate version which contained extra fights (for the Taiwanese market). The first was a rematch where Sammo wins but gains the respect of Liu. The second was where Sammo is in trouble but Lau and various of his men save Sammo. A conversation emerges from the aftermath where Lau speaks to Sammo as an uncle by giving him the advice that he must allow Lau to help him if he wants to survive. The finale was different in that Lau and his men help to take on a legion of thugs in and outside the villain’s mansion. Even though I’ve not seen this version, I do not doubt it one bit considering how many films of the golden era have Taiwanese and Korean variants.



The Japanese trailer for Encounter of the Spooky Kind was strange (the caption reads: “Sammo Hung – so sexy!”) when they show the scene with Sammo being nude and painted all over with protective writing. The film was titled with Close at the front but Golden Harvest were concerned that they would face a lawsuit from somebody affiliated with Steven Spielberg. He made the movie because so many people in Asia believe in ghosts. Many friends advised him not to make the movie because nobody would pay to see it. It didn’t matter because he was already shooting it.



Spooky Encounters (as it was otherwise known) was very profitable. It was the first time that someone yelled at the screen while watching a Chinese ghost movie (the person was imitating the monkey possession). He made many stories happening particularly in Singapore and Malaysia. The Dead and The Deadly is an unofficial sequel to Encounter of the Spooky Kind as the Chinese title of the former was something Sammo said in the latter.



In regards to Ashes of Time, the hyper slow motion style wasn’t Christopher Doyle’s in concept – it was Hung’s (who did it in Kung Fu Cult Master as well as as Thunderbolt). Little is known about the fact that Sammo choreographed the first fight in Thunderbolt (the one which ends with the men trapped in the painting facility). Unlike what the Western press and social media websites have superficially made of his involvement in Kung Fu Hustle, Sammo choreographed the parody of Burly Brawl (from The Matrix Reloaded) as well as the fight in the night where the three masters face the two musicians. In interviews, Sammo has said that it was his idea and described how he did it. Sammo received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 22th Asian American International Film Festival in 1999.



This should take off the sting of having his international attempts as a fight choreographer being jeopardised by American editors (namely on Mr. Nice Guy, Knock Off and Highbinders). Even his credential on Kung Fu Hustle (a movie which Bey Logan and Jing are not so keen on) was stymied by the fact that Stephen Chow was desperate to have mainstream transatlantic success. Sammo’s dream project was to make a period movie about Tai-Chi (which would have been conspicuously more accurate than Yuen Woo-Ping’s The Tai-Chi Master). Another dream project was a ghost movie that was to be made for both Western and Eastern markets. This is why Highbinders (which became The Medallion) was a sore point for the paunchy legend.



Had Bruce lived, we may very well have seen him play the role that Sammo played in Pantyhose Hero (a 1990 movie which was co-written and co-directed by Jing). He respected Sammo enough to be disappointed when he indefinitely rejected the chance to play Chieh Yuan’s role in Game of Death, and he clearly forgave him enough to give him a standout role in Enter the Dragon. More importantly, he clearly respected himself to not play the role that Alan ended up playing (which means that Sammo would play the weaker of the faux gay couple). It wouldn’t have been an about turn given this particular (or should that be peculiar?) photo:



Sammo regards his best films to be Eastern Condors, The Prodigal Son and Pedicab Driver. All three were made in the ’80s. His favourite ’90s movie is Pantyhose Hero. In a 1999 interview for a magazine called Kung Fu Qigong, Sammo confirmed that it is indeed himself who gets hit by the car in the movie. He later relayed that no-one wanted him to jump over a speeding car in Carry On PickpocketProject A could almost be classified as his film. Besides supervising all the fights, he directed all the scenes featuring himself. He claimed that he directed everything that happens after the bicycle chase because Jackie wanted his help after the financial fiasco of Dragon Lord. What makes Sammo’s involvement all the more surprising is that Jackie’s initial intention was to be directed by a director from Taiwan.

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