A new film law

There should be a new law in any film-making industry that you can’t replace someone just because the person who you want is available. Getting fired for one or more self-inflicted reasons is one thing, but getting replaced because someone else is more desirable means that the former employee is perceived as being not as good. The most famous (and infamous) example in the West is Eric Stoltz being replaced by Mike J. Fox for Back to the Future.



Robert Z’s excuse for not immediately firing Eric was that he was in denial before trying to salvage him in a way which made it clear that he was unsalvageable. This excuse doesn’t fly because the power dynamic between directors and producers changed due to Heaven’s Gate bankrupting United Artists. Spielberg was absent, so Kathleen Kennedy alongside Frank Marshall (the other executive producers) could have overruled Rob by conspiring with Bob Gale (the main producer) and Neil Canton (the co-producer).



Kennedy and Spielberg had bigger producer roles on E.T. Even Marshall had a bigger productive role as production supervisor. Lesser responsibilities means less blame to go around. The excuse that they were spending money to save BTTF from being cancelled doesn’t stick because studio heads tend to literally keep tabs by conversing with the line producer. The way that it works in film-making is that the studio executives want to see the rushes after the first day or even week to make sure that things are going well.



This certainly happens when the studio head experiences differences of opinion with the director and producers. If remotely true (some kernels of truth exist in lies), Spielberg’s strategy to exorbitantly inflate the budget would’ve prevented BTTF from going straight to video. This fate would not have befallen had C. Thomas Howell played Marty, because he was already prominently featured in magazines such as Tiger Beat.



As for the most famous example in the East, Yuen Woo-Ping was Stephen Chow’s first choice as fight choreographer for Kung Fu Hustle. Sammo Hung was fired when Yuen became became available. I could say that the official story is bogus, but there was never an official statement. There were conflicting reports which were presented as rumours (to avoid polemics). There were too many coincidences for each claim to be a fact. One excuse is better than several.


Supposedly, Sammo quit because of tough outdoor conditions, illness, having an interest in another project and arguments with the crew. Talk about putting all of your eggs in one basket. He has worked on movies which were just as much and even more tumultuous. He has never quit when being ill. He only agreed to work on Around the World in 80 Days after he was fired. It’s never been specified who he was quarreling with and why.



Regardless, Sammo still had a good film career before and after getting fired. The same can’t be said for most film specialists who are fired. The most unfortunate example of someone who didn’t have much of an acting career was Kelly Emberg. Even Rod Stewart’s autobiography mentioned how she went from being through the rehearsal process to being ditched for Kelly LeBrock because the latter had changed her mind about wanting to star in Weird Science.


It’s the best example of someone who wants something because someone else has it. Emberg was LeBrock’s rival when it came to Rod’s love life. 3 weeks of filming that has yet to be viewed. John Hughes had redeemed himself by casting Eric in Some Kind of Wonderful. :hug: He knew that he unwittingly inspired Spielberg to can Eric. After three weeks of working on it, John fired the director and most of the cast except Eric (who mentioned this in a 2007 interview).



It was a self-esteem tactic which was designed to help Eric after when Lionheart was shelved. The original director, Martha Coolidge, claimed that Eric was still traumatized about being expelled from BTTF. The last Hughes teen movie was shut down temporarily due to the firings. This tacky tactic is achieved because it is the only way to get rid of an ironclad-contracted actor e.g. Melora Hardin had signed a contract for a two film deal before she was fired for being too tall to be Mikey Fox’s on-screen girlfriend.


The two films were BTTF and a sequel. This would negate what the film-makers said about the first movie’s ending. Then again, they have been proven to be revisionists about other things. Also, the ending is clearly tacked-on for a sequel. In issue 97 of Starlog magazine (August, 1985), it was mentioned that Bob G and Z had already been thinking of doing a sequel. In the 99th issue, Z mentioned that Christopher Lloyd wanted to do a sequel where he gets to play the villain as well as the hero.



Since Melora never filmed any scenes, it was useless to have cast her. In the 140th issue, Eric was asked to talk about the sequel to The Fly. Like in BTTF, he wanted everyone to refer to him as Marty; he even referred to Jeff Goldblum and Geena Davis as his parents. He responded to a question about the first two BTTF movies: “The sequel will all make it clear as to why I wasn’t in the original film. The professor and the kid go back to the period when I was in the cast!”


For those who are struggling to comprehend what he’s insinuating, he means that part of the attraction behind the sequel was seeing an alternate version of what happened in the ’50s. Like what had happened with the previous film, shots not featuring Eric were used to cover expenses. Also, bear in mind that his version had a different screenplay which added to the feel of watching something old that was new. He was set up to fail.



Outside of the Starlog community, very few people knew about the sequel already being planned. Years later, Zemeckis lied about not wanting to do a sequel to hide the blatant fact that Eric’s withdrawal from BTTF was commercially motivated. Like BTTF, Some Kind of Wonderful was originally an experiment by the director to have an edgier protagonist. There are nods to BTTF because John wrote it with Eric in mind.


Yet again, Eric plays a rebel with brown hair. He has trouble starting his car. He has a love interest played by Lea Thompson. The name of the other interest, Watts, is reminiscent of gigawatts. There’s a character who is credited as Skinhead. Like some have observed, he could (and should) have been listed as Duncan. In the original screenplay, Susan was the forename of Watts. Marty McFly’s girlfriend, Jennifer, was originally named Suzy.



There’s even a scene where Eric leaves the family dinner table after he offends his parents. Also, Eric once again finds himself pushing a bully. BTTF was made at roughly the same time as Universal’s Weird Science. In a 2014 interview, the actor who played Wyatt claimed that Eric stole a studio back-lot tram and invited him so that they could harass a tourist tram for half an hour. This event could not have gone unreported. From a public relations standpoint, it wouldn’t be good if Eric still worked with Universal.


Like what someone mentioned here, Zemeckis could’ve redeemed himself if he cast Eric as Matthew McConaughey’s role in Contact (since he claimed that he is a magnificent actor). Like what Gale said, it would be like calling the girlfriend who you broke up with. As for the other ’80s Sci-Fi movie where Eric played a Marty, he told Movieline (in 1992) why he wanted to be in The Fly II (1989): “I wanted to be in every category of the video store.”



The movie is especially interesting to note in how they got away with reusing video footage from the first movie by re-recording Geena’s voice. This got me thinking about the videotape scene in BTTF. Going by the position of the camera in correlation with the height of Doc Brown, it looks like it could’ve been Eric. Either way, it was definitely from the original version because Lloyd’s act does not have a single trace of dorkiness.


As far as the salary arrangement goes, Rutger Hauer’s 2008 memoir (All Those Moments) helped to shed some light. Two weeks after he had signed on to do his first U.S. movie (which may as well have been titled Bottled Lightning), it was cancelled. His agent and lawyer demanded that he be paid what he was promised. Because he didn’t do what the contract entailed, he could only be paid half (50,000 dollars).



On the contrary, Natasha Little was paid her full price (300,000 pounds) when she was dropped from Enigma because Mick Jagger (producer) found out that Kate Winslet could do one more film before becoming fully pregnant. Being paid her full price meant that there was no reason to sue the producers. It had to have been hurtful knowing that her husband, Bo Poraj, was still acting in the film. One has to wonder what was shared in the way of anecdotes.


It could be argued that the prototypical version of BTTF was in near-complete stasis for two reasons – Eric wouldn’t be paid the full amount, but CGI technology would have been developed to the point that he wouldn’t need to finish the film. It’s not a coincidence that Spielberg was working on Young Sherlock Holmes at the same time. That was the first film to have a fully-realized CGI character.



In the two 2015 books (We Don’t Need Roads and The Ultimate Visual History), Dean Cundey (the cinematographer) mentioned that Zemeckis wouldn’t film any of Eric’s close-ups in the last week of the production (the seventh and final week as mentioned in the latter book). This was because Gary David Goldberg had already given his approval for Fox to star in the film, which meant that they were saving even more money.


It’s interesting to note that there have been other Sci-Fi films where someone was replaced for unstated commercial intentions. Sean Patrick Flanery was replaced by Matt LeBlanc for Lost in Space. The recent explanation was that Sean looked like he could be William Hurt’s son. The original claim was that the producers wanted someone physically bigger to stand up to William (despite Sean being taller than Matt).



Like Mike, Matt had to oscillate between working on Friends and Lost in Space. Samantha Morton was replaced by Scarlett Johansson for Her. Spike Jonze claimed that Samantha’s voice was too motherly. You would think that he would have already known this. Also, you would think that he would have told her to stop speaking in a maternal voice. Samantha was a stopgap because Scarlett was too busy working on Don Jon.



The Stoltz/Fox situation was the opposite to how Jack Nicholson secured the lead role in The Border. Robert Blake was an Emmy-winning actor because of Baretta, which had 4 seasons. Still, he wasn’t able to guarantee budget-raising for The Border. Supposedly, he dropped out because of impatience. The opposite had happened to David Carradine. Kung Fu had 3 seasons, yet he didn’t win an Emmy and was still able to carry Circle of Iron.



The fact that Robert was a Golden Globe winner debunks that having one secures the finances. Oddly enough, Eric’s G.G. nomination was enough to justify casting him as the star of Some Kind of Wonderful. Woody Allen cast Bob Balaban in Deconstructing Harry after firing him from Shadows and Fog. This is somewhat reminiscent of Crispin Glover agreeing to work with Zemeckis for Beowulf after the 1990 lawsuit.



The most unforgivable of firings has to be Melissa Joan Hart being expunged from Scary Movie. After a costume fitting, she was replaced by Carmen Electra (the excuse was that they already had a wacky woman). This anecdote was so painful that Melissa didn’t bother to include it in her memoir (Melissa Explains it All). Adding to the heartache, she acted with Carmen in Rent Control (which she also didn’t mention in her memoir).



Lisa Eichhorn found herself being replaced by Barbra Streisand in All Night Long (1981) with a reason and an excuse which were similar to Eric’s firing. 4 weeks of reels that have literally been hung out to dry. No stills nor candid photos. It didn’t help that the director was married to Streisand’s agent. This casting change was endorsed by the same Universal boss (Sidney Sheinberg) who initially was hesitant about Eric being replaced by Fox. The Streisand shoot added way more than the 3 million that was afforded to the Fox do-over.


The budget (which no-one could recoup with herself being entitled to 15% of the grosses) was inflated by her asking price of 4 million, while the reviews were worse than what would’ve happened had things stayed put (the casting change was vilified). No-one banked on the possibility that audiences would care about the film upgrading Streisand as the highest-paid actress. The perverse agent got her comeuppance when Streisand kept her at arm’s distance by replacing her.



While the aim of Hollywood’s game is to work with big stars, sometimes a bigger star can be fired because the studio wants to keep as much money as possible. Such was the case with Raquel Welch being ousted from Cannery Row. MGM claimed that she spent too much time getting ready. Thanks to Burt Reynolds testifying on her behalf, MGM had to pay more money in a lawsuit than they would have if they weren’t stingy. The two creators of Tank Girl were responsible for the casting of Emily Lloyd as the titular titan.



She was in a film, Wish You Were Here, that was filmed in their hometown of Worthing, West Sussex in England. They figured that she would be game for it. What they didn’t sign up for was Lori Petty being the first choice as far as the director was concerned. She was more bankable because of Point Break and A League of Their Own (starring Tom Hanks alongside Geena Davis with Madonna). The anti-bald excuse doesn’t work given the hair, helmets and hats which Lori wore.



Even in the frantic-paced world of TV, this happens more than in the film world. Look no further than Full House as the top example. The producers wanted Bob Saget (a fellow Jew). He was unavailable. John Posey was cast in the pilot. Bob became available. John was replaced, so his version of the pilot was unaired. The closest that he came to becoming a sitcom star was My Wildest Dreams (it had 5 episodes). Cynthia Ettinger was dismayed that she was replaced by a Superman III actress in Smallville.


Lisa Edelstein issued a statement about being nothing more than a back-up to the first choice of a main character in Sex and the City“My contract was complete, but it all depended on whether Sarah Jessica Parker said yes. I was either going to do it or not. I was waiting to start playing Carrie Bradshaw when she decided to do television, so they had to let me go so that she could do it. It was very sad. I was given a payout but it was still a very big disappointment. I didn’t really watch the show. It was too painful.”



Instead of dropping out of Charmed, Lori Rom was dropped. The cover story was she left because of a personal reason relating to religion. This isn’t convincing because then you would have to wonder why she agreed to act as Phoebe in the first place. After some investigating, I learned that Aaron Spelling (the executive producer) asked Alyssa Milano to come on board after she left Melrose Place. What made it less humiliating was that Lori’s service was discontinued before the series was picked up.



The director of the unaired pilot, Bruce Seth Green (of Buffy and Angel fame), said in 1999: “The jarring modification came when our producer, Les Sheldon, came onto the set and told everyone we were shutting down for a week or two. We were in the middle of our first episode. The next day, it was announced that Milano was going to be taking on Rom’s role. Sadly, I found out that I would not be involved in the reshooting of the pilot or in the directing of any of the subsequent episodes. Our first episode was able to be salvaged for the fuller version.”



The world would never come to know about Lou Thornton even though she was cast as Samantha Jones in Sex and the City. Kim Cattrall accepted the offer and the rest is history. In a 2012 documentary titled I Am Bruce Lee, the topic came up about the titular subject being fleeced of the chance to star in a TV series (The Warrior) that he envisioned which eventually became a starring vehicle for a Caucasian. Ironically, the title was changed to be more Oriental. In the segment, Mickey Rourke offered his blunt opinion: “The better guy doesn’t always get the job in the movie business, you know. That’s because there’s a lot of politics involved.”

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